By 2023, anyone in the United States who has a drone weighing more than 249 grams, which happens in most cases, must ensure that the equipment incorporates remote identification (remote ID) technology. The rules are from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and require a kind of “digital license plate”, so that authorities can access the location and information about the pilot and his drone.
As the FAA explains in a statement, drone manufacturers have a year and a half to start incorporating technology into their equipment. Users have 12 more months to register the remote ID.
Owners can comply with the remote identification rule in one of three possible ways. The user can drive a prone drone with remote ID that provides information and location of the drone and control command or equipment with a remote ID transmission module, which can be a separate device from the drone, which transmits identification, location and take-off.
There is also a third possibility: driving a drone without a remote ID, but in a specific area recognized by the FAA. It should be noted, however, that for those who want to fly a drone in any region of the United States, and who do not have a remote ID device, the purchase of a transmission module can translate into financial expenses.
What is certain is that, among the various rules disclosed, drone users must have the remote ID and identification certificate with them while driving the drone. It is intended, therefore, that they can show them to the authorities whenever necessary.
More flexibility for those who want to fly drones at night
At a time when part of the current regulation prohibits the use of drones by people and at night, unless they have authorization from the FAA, the federal agency guarantees that the new rules offer even greater flexibility. The FAA clarifies, however, that it continues to demand certain conditions, ensuring that the level of risk to people on earth will always be taken into account.
The new rules will be published on January 21, 2021 and take effect 60 days later, being released after the Donald Trump administration added the well-known drone maker DJI to the United States blacklist. According to the United States Department of Commerce, DJI was placed on the list as an accomplice to “large-scale human rights abuses in China” through “high-tech surveillance” techniques.